One of the most confusing thing when one wants to have a website or start a blog is domain name and web hosting .Some will be like: What is a domain name and how does it work. In this post I am going to explain what a domain name is and how it works.
What Is A Domain Name
A domain name is simply the address of your website that someone types in the browser URL bar to visit your website. Let us assumes that your website is a house, then your domain name the address to that your house.
The Internet is a giant of interconnected computer network connected through a global network of cables. Each computer on this network can communicate with other computers.
To identify a computer in this network, each one is assigned an IP address. It is a series of numbers that identify a particular computer on the internet. A typical IP address looks like this:
IP address in this form is difficult to remember.
Domain names were put in place to solve this problem.
Now if you want to visit a website, you don’t need to enter a long string of numbers like 99.354.88.3 . Instead, you can visit it by typing an easy to remember name in your browser’s address bar. For example, Infoguiders.com
How Domain Name Works
Whenever you type in a name in your browser URL bar,your browser sends a request to a global network of servers that form the Domain Name System. These servers then look up for the name servers associated with a domain and forward the request to those name servers.
For example, if your website is hosted on Domainking, then its name server information will be like this:
These name servers are computers managed by your hosting company. Your hosting company now forwards your request to the computer where your website is stored.
This computer is called a web server. It has a special software installed (Apache, Nginx are two popular web server software). The web server now fetches the requested website and sends it to back to the browser.
How to Choose a Domain Name
Domain names are available in many different extensions. The most popular one is .com. There are many other options like .ng, .com. no, .org, .net, .tv, .info, .io, and more.
There are also country specific domain names which end with country code extension like .ng for Nigeria, .ca for Canada , .in for India.
I recommend you choose .com, mainly because it is the easiest to remember and works best for business websites.
You can buy names from many companies. These companies are called domain name registrars. A domain name typically costs 14.99 per year. Some popular domain name companies are:
I recommend using Domainking if you are in Nigeria because of their easy access and most importantly they accepts payment in Naira.
Don’t hesitate to use the comment box if you have any question .